Night Vision Technology

Do you know what a Night Vision Technology is? Night Vision Technology usually allows one to see in the dark. It is generally used for military purpose. By using proper night vision equipment you can see a person standing 200 yards away on a cloudy moonless night.

Depending on the technologies used night vision can work in two different ways:
    • Image enhancement: This works by collecting the small amounts of light, including the lower portion of the infrared light spectrum, that are present however may be imperceptible to our eyes, and amplifying it to the point that we will simply observe the image.

  • Thermal imaging: This technology operates by taking the upper portion of the infrared light spectrum, which is emitted as heat by objects rather than simply reflected as light. Hotter objects, like warm bodies, release more of this light than cooler objects like trees or buildings.

what-do-you-mean-by-night-vision-technology11Mostly, the consumer night vision products are light amplifying devices. This technology takes the small amount of light, like moonlight or starlight, that’s in the nearby area, and converts the light energy into electrical energy.

These electrons pass through a thin disk that is regarding the size of a quarter and contains over ten million channels. Because the electrons travel through and strike the walls of the channels, thousands more electrons are discharged. These increased electrons then bounce off of a phosphor screen that converts the electrons into photons and allows you to see an impressive nighttime view even when it’s extremely dark.

All image intensified night vision products on the market these days have one factor in common: they produce a green output image .

There are 3 necessary attributes for determining the performance. Now let us see that:
  • Sensitivity
  • Signal-to-noise
  • Resolution

As s client, you need to understand regarding these 3 characteristics to see the performance level of a night vision system.

Applications of night vision technology

The main aim for the development of this technology was for the military use, to find enemies in the dark. Not only is it used extensively for military purposes, but also for navigation, targeting and surveillance.

Thermal imaging and Image enhancement technologies are used for surveillance purpose by the police and security departments. it’s also used for the maneuverability of the hunters and nature enthusiasts through the woods in the dark. Following are other applications of the night-vision:what do you mean by night vision technology12

  • Security
  • Wildlife Observation
  • Law-Enforcement
  • Entertainment
  • Hidden Object Detection

Sensitivity, or photo response, is that the image tube’s ability to find available light. it’s sometimes measured in “µA/lm,” or microamperes per lumen. That is why many of our products don’t come with standard IR illuminators. With several applications illuminators are not necessary. Some manufacturers place IR illuminators on their products in order to induce acceptable performance under low light conditions. Signal-to-noise plays an important role in night vision performance. The micro channel plate is used to transfer signal from input to output. Just as high-end stereo equipment provides you quality sound.


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